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Procera AVH Ingredients:

Vinpocetine
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Vinpocetine (VIN) is a compound derived from vincamine, a natural extract of several plants, including Periwinkle (Vinca minor) and the seeds of the Voacanga Africana tree. VIN increases cerebral vascular blood flow, thus enhancing the flow of nutrients, oxygen, glucose and neurotransmitter substrates, e.g., choline to the brain.

VIN has been shown to improve memory and brain processing speed. It can also increase brain glucose metabolism and the mitochondria’s generation of ATP. This in turn powers the brain, and can boost mood, memory and other mental functions. VIN is also a powerful anti-oxidant, and neuro-protective agent that has been shown to help protect brain cells against the chronic age-related reduction in blood flow, oxygen levels and anti-oxidant defenses.

References:

Subhan Z, Hindmarch H. Psychopharmacological effects of vinpocetine in normal healthy volunteers. European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1985, Sept;28(5):567-571

DeNoble VJ, Repetti SJ, Gelpke LW, Wood LM, Keim KL. Vinpocetine: nootropic effects on scopolamine-induced and hypoxia-induced retrieval deficits of a step-through passive avoidance response in rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav.1986.Apr;24(4):1123-8.

Coleston D, Hindmarch I. Possible memory-enhancing properties of vinpocetine. Drug Development Research 2004 Oct; 14(3-4):191-193

Lendvai B, Zelles T, Rozsa B, Vizi ES. A vinca alkaloid enhances morphological dynamics of dendritic spines of neocortical layer 2/3 pyramidal cells. Brain Res Bull. 2003 Jan 15;59(4):257-60

Hayakawa, M. Comparative efficacy of vinpocetine, pentoxifylline and nicergoline on red blood cell deformability. Arzneimittelforschung. 1992 Feb; 42(2): 108-10

Hitzenberger, G : Sommer, W : Grandt, R. Influence of vinpocetine on warfarin-induced inhibition of coagulation. Int-J-Clin-Pharmacol-Ther-Toxicol. 1990 Aug; 28(8): 323-8

Gaal, L : Molnar, P. Effect of vinpocetine on noradrenergic neurons in rat locus coeruleus. Eur-J-Pharmacol. 1990 Oct 23; 187(3): 537-9

Gabryel, B : Adamek, M : Pudelko, A : Malecki, A : Trzeciak, H I. Piracetam and vinpocetine exert cytoprotective activity and prevent apoptosis of astrocytes in vitro in hypoxia and reoxygenation. Neurotoxicology. 2002 May; 23(1): 19-31.

 

 
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.